BIEBER, HUGO (1883–1950), German literary historian. Bieber was born in Berlin, where he studied German literature and philosophy. He was for many years editor of the Volksverband der Buecherfreunde, Germany's most important book club. Bieber wrote a history of the intellectual and literary movements of the 19th century, Der Kampf um die Tradition (1928). Confessio Judaica (1925), an anthology of Heinrich *Heine's opinions on Jews and Judaism, demonstrates Heine's unbroken adherence to his Jewish heritage. Bieber wrote another work entitled Heinrich Heine which was translated into English and edited by M. Hadas (1956). After the rise of Hitler, Bieber immigrated to New York.