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Jugendstil. Literally, the German version of Art Nouveau, it was named after the journal Die Jugend (1896–1914) which publicized the style. It tended to be more angular and less curvaceous than its French or Belgian counterparts, (so had a Classicalizing element) and was associated with the various Sezession movements, notably in Vienna (where it was called Sezessionstil), Munich, and Dresden. It had a considerable influence on Scandinavia. Its chief architectural protagonists were Endell, Hoffmann, Kotěra, Olbrich, and O. Wagner.


Borisova,, Sternin,, & and Palmin (1988);
Wiener Sezession (1972)