Blatch, Harriot Stanton
BLATCH, Harriot Stanton
Born 20 January 1856, Seneca Falls, New York; died 20 November 1940, Greenwich, Connecticut
Daughter of Henry Brewster and Elizabeth Cady Stanton; married William Henry Blatch, 1882
One of seven children of noted suffragist Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Harriot Stanton Blatch attended Vassar College. After a year in Europe (1880-81), she assisted her mother and Susan B. Anthony in preparing their History of Woman Suffrage. They had originally planned to deal only with the National Woman Suffrage Association, which the authors led, but Blatch urged inclusion of an account of the American Woman Suffrage Association. Her moderate treatment of this "Boston wing" of the movement appeared in Volume II of the History (1881) and contributed to ending the "internecine war" between the two leading groups in the suffrage movement.
After marriage to William Henry Blatch, an English businessman, she lived 20 years in England where she knew such reformers as Beatrice and Sidney Webb, Ramsay MacDonald, G. B. Shaw, and Emmeline Pankhurst. She returned to the U.S. in 1902, and in 1907 organized the Equality League of Self-Supporting Women (later the Women's Political Union), a group designed to draw nonprofessional women, especially women trade unionists, into the suffrage movement. This group increased the numbers and visibility of the suffragists. It organized the first suffrage parades (1910) so that "the enemy" could "see women marching in increasing numbers year by year out on the public avenues, holding high their banner, Votes for Women."
Blatch became convinced that the war which had broken out in Europe would advance the cause of equal rights for women. Her book, Mobilizing Woman-Power (1918), published with a laudatory introduction by Theodore Roosevelt, describes "German Kultur" as the enemy of freedom because it worships "efficiency, cramps originality and initiative" and is "unjust to women." Always interested in the relation between economics and suffrage, Blatch notes that the war increased employment opportunities for women and consequently helped free them from "service for the love of service," i.e., unpaid labor in the home. Payment, she felt, changes women's status: with the "pay envelope" women are "welcome everywhere."
At the war's end Blatch wrote A Woman's Point of View: Some Roads to Peace (1920), which became a major contribution to "the library against all war." She encouraged women to unite in preventing another such devastation and argued that just as women should be given a role in political decisionmaking, so too labor, formerly voiceless, should now be given a place in management.
Blatch joined the Socialist Party in the 1920s and in 1924 endorsed Robert M. LaFollette's presidential campaign. To the end of her life she was active in liberal causes. Her autobiography, Challenging Years (1940), gives a lively account of her political activities. Herein she notes that women "were the first group in history to be enfranchised before gaining their economic independence." Because of her practical orientation and familiarity with the tactics employed by English suffrage leaders, she widened the appeal of the American suffrage movement in the early 20th century.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton as Revealed in Her Letters, Diary and Reminiscences (ed. by Blatch with T. Stanton, 1922).
Flexner, E., A Century of Struggle (1959). Lutz, A., Created Equal (1940). Stanton, E. C., Eighty Years and More (1898).
Dictionary of American Biography, National Cyclopedia of American Biography (1892 et seq.). NAW, 1607-1950 (1971).
"Blatch, Harriot Stanton." American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 26, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/blatch-harriot-stanton
"Blatch, Harriot Stanton." American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present. . Retrieved March 26, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/blatch-harriot-stanton
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.