MacDonald, (James) Ramsay
MacDonald, (James) Ramsay (1866–1937) British statesman, prime minister (1924, 1929–31, 1931–35), b. Scotland. MacDonald became an MP in 1906, and leader of the Labour Party in 1911. His opposition to Britain's participation in World War I lost him the party leadership (1914), and his seat (1918). MacDonald was re-elected to Parliament and as Labour leader in 1922. In 1924, he became prime minister and foreign secretary in Britain's first Labour government. His administration was short-lived, as the Liberal Party withdrew its support and Stanley Baldwin succeeded him as prime minister. Labour's second spell in office was also cut short, this time by the Great Depression. MacDonald, however, remained in office at the head of a Conservative-dominated ‘National’ government. MacDonald lost his seat in the 1935 elections, and Baldwin returned to power.
More From encyclopedia.com
Malcolm Fraser , Malcolm Fraser (born 1930), prime minister of Australia from 1975-1983, was regarded as one of the toughest and most successful leaders of the Libera… James Ramsay Macdonald , MacDonald, James Ramsay MacDonald, James Ramsay (1866–1937). Prime minister. Between 1900 and 1929 Ramsay MacDonald contributed more than any other i… Sir Geoffrey Howe , Sir Geoffrey Howe British Foreign Secretary Geoffrey Howe (born 1926) was one of Britain's most important political leaders through the 1980s. Sir (R… Clement Attlee , Attlee, Clement, 1st Earl Attlee Attlee, Clement, 1st Earl Attlee (1883–1967). Prime minister. The son of a solicitor, Attlee grew up in a comfortabl… Sirimavo Bandaranaike , Sirimavo Bandaranaike (born 1916) became the first woman prime minister in the world when she was chosen to head the Sri Lankan Freedom Party governm… Michael Heseltine , Michael Heseltine One time defense secretary and environment secretary, Michael Heseltine (born 1933) was a key figure in British politics from the 1…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated Aug 24 2016 About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic
You Might Also Like