Skip to main content

Bach Gesellschaft

Bach Gesellschaft (Bach Society). Ger. soc. founded 1850 to commemorate the centenary of the death of J. S. Bach by publishing complete critical edn. of his works based mainly on the coll. of his MSS in Berlin. The project, urged by Robert Schumann in an article in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (xix, 87), was executed by Otto Jahn in assoc. with Schumann, Carl Friedrich Becker, Moritz Hauptmann, and the publishing firm of Breitkopf und Härtel. Issued 46 annual publications in 59 vols. between 1850 and 1900. The achievement was a vast feat of scholarship but, understandably, not without error. Some works definitely or probably not by Bach were incl.

With publication of the concluding volume on 27 Jan. 1900 the Society was wound up and the Neue Bach Gesellschaft founded under the presidency of Herman Kretzschmar, Prof. at Leipzig Univ. Its objective was to publish Bach's mus. in practicable performing scores and to popularize it throughout Ger. by Bach fests. In 1904 the soc. began issue of a Jahrbuch (Yearbook), in which the latest Bach research is pubd., and in 1907 bought Bach's birthplace at Eisenach and made it a museum.

A Bach Soc. was founded in London 1849 to collect a library of Bach's comps. either printed or in MS. Under its auspices took place the first Eng. perfs. of St Matthew Passion (Hanover Sq. Rooms, London, 6 Apr. 1854) and Christmas Oratorio (London, 13 June 1864). 11 movements from the Mass in B minor were perf. on 24 July 1860. Soc. dissolved in Mar. 1870 and library given to RAM.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bach Gesellschaft." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . 23 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Bach Gesellschaft." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . (March 23, 2019).

"Bach Gesellschaft." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved March 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.