BIRELEY, Robert. American, b. 1933. Genres: History. Career: Entered Society of Jesus (Jesuits; S.J.), 1951, ordained Roman Catholic priest, 1964; teacher of European and American history, St. Ignatius High School, Cleveland, OH, 1958-61; Loyola University Chicago, IL, instructor, 1971-72, assistant professor, 1972-76, associate professor, 1976-82, professor of history, 1982-. Member of Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ, 1986-87. University of Chicago, member of executive committee, Renaissance Seminar, 1975-82; Newberry Library, member of executive committee, Center for Renaissance Studies, 1979-86; National Humanities Center, Fellow, 1998-99. Publications: Maximilian von Bayern, Adam Contzen, S.J., und die Gegenreformation in Deutschland, 1624-1635, 1975; Politics and Religion in the Age of the Counterreformation: Emperor Ferdinand II, William Lamormaini, S.J., and the Formation of Imperial Policy, 1981; The Counter-Reformation Prince: Antimachiavellianism or Catholic Statecraft in Early Modern Europe, 1990; The Refashioning of Catholicism, 1450-1700, 1999; The Jesuits and the Thirty Years War: Kings, Courts, and Confessors, 2003. Work represented in anthologies. Contributor to history journals. Address: Department of History, Loyola University Chicago, 6525 N Sheridan Rd, Chicago, IL 60626, U.S.A. Online address: [email protected]
"Bireley, Robert." Writers Directory 2005. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/bireley-robert
"Bireley, Robert." Writers Directory 2005. . Retrieved November 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/bireley-robert
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.