BÜRGER, Peter. German, b. 1936. Genres: Literary criticism and history. Career: University of Lyon, Lyon, France, lecturer in German language and literature, 1961-63; University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany, assistant in French literature, 1964-70; University of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany, assistant professor, 1970-71; University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, professor of French and comparative literature, 1971-. Publications: Der französische Surrealismus, 1971, 2nd ed., 1995; Theorie der Avantgarde, 1974, 9th ed, 1993, trans. as Theory of the Avant-Garde, 1984; The Decline of Modernism, 1992; (with C. Bürger) The Institutions of Art, 1992. IN GERMAN: Zur Kritik der idealistischen Aesthetik, 1983; (with C. Bürger) Postmoderne: Alltag, Allegorie, und Avantgarde, 1987; (with C. Bürger) Prosa der Moderne, 1988, 2nd ed, 1992; Das Denken des Herrn: Bataille zwischen Hegel und dem Surrealismus (title means: The Thinking of the Master), 1992; Die Traenen des Odysseus (title means: The Tears of Ulysses), 1993. Address: Fachbereich 10, University of Bremen, Postbox 333440, D-28334 Bremen, Germany.
"Bìrger, Peter." Writers Directory 2005. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/birger-peter
"Bìrger, Peter." Writers Directory 2005. . Retrieved March 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/birger-peter
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.