Bishop, apostle of the West Saxons; d. between 648 and 650. He was commissioned by Pope honorius i as a missionary to England and consecrated by Asterius, archbishop of Milan (not Genoa as is commonly said). A contemporary of Aidan of Lindisfarne, Birinus arrived in Wessex c. 634. He originally intended to work in the remoter parts of England, but finding the West Saxons still heathen, he stayed there. He baptized the West Saxon King Cynegils in the presence of King oswald, the Christian overlord of Britain, and was given Dorchester for his see (635). His patron King Cynegils died in 643, and his successor Cenwalh lapsed into paganism but was soon sent into exile. Cenwalh was finally converted and restored c. 648, and when Birinus died about a year later, the Church was securely established in Wessex.
Feast: Dec. 5.
Bibliography: Bede, Ecclesiastical History 3, ed. c. plummer (Oxford 1956). Three Eleventh-century Anglo-Latin Saints' Lives, ed. and tr. r. c. love (Oxford 1996). j. e. field, St. Berin: The Apostle of Wessex (London 1902). t. varley, St. Birinus and Wessex (Winchester, Eng. 1934). f. m. stenton, Anglo-Saxon England (2d ed. Oxford 1947) 102, 117–118. r. graham, Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques, ed. a. baudrillart et al. (Paris 1912) 8:1530–31.
"Birinus, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/birinus-st
"Birinus, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/birinus-st
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.