BIRKERTS, Sven. American, b. 1951. Genres: Literary criticism and history. Career: Literary critic. Bookstore clerk in Ann Arbor, MI, and Cambridge, 1973-83; Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, lecturer in expository writing, 1984-91; Bennington Writing Seminars, member core faculty, 1995-; Mt. Holyoke College, lecturer, 1996-. Contributing editor of Boston Review, 1988-, and Agni Review, 1988-. Regular contributor to New Republic and Mirabella. Publications: An Artificial Wilderness: Essays on Twentieth-Century Literature, 1987; The Electric Life: Essays on Modern Poetry, 1989; (with D. Hall) Writing Well, 7th ed., 1991; American Energies: Essays on Fiction, 1992; The Longwood Introduction to Fiction, 1992; Literature: The Evolving Canon, 1993; The Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in an Electronic Age, 1994; (ed.) Tolstoy's Dictaphone: Technology and the Muse, 1996; Readings, 1999; My Sky Blue Trades, 2002. Address: 67 Dothan St, Arlington, MA 02474, U.S.A. Online address: [email protected]
"Birkerts, Sven." Writers Directory 2005. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/birkerts-sven
"Birkerts, Sven." Writers Directory 2005. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/birkerts-sven
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.