Skip to main content

Mancini, Olympia (c. 1639–1708)

Mancini, Olympia (c. 1639–1708)

Princess of Savoy-Carignan, countess of Soissons, and mistress of Louis XIV . Name variations: Olympe or Olympie; comtesse de Soissons; countess of Soissons. Born around 1639; died in Brussels in 1708; second daughter of Laurent also seen as Lorenzo Mancini and the sister (maiden name Mazarini or Mazarino) of Cardinal Jules Mazarin (chief minister to the young LouisXIV); sister of Marie-Anne Mancini (1649–1714), Marie Mancini (1640–1715), Hortense Mancini (1646–1699), Laure Mancini (1635–1657); cousin of Anne-Marie Martinozzi (1637–1672) and Laura Martinozzi ; married Eugene Maurice de Savoie-Carignan, prince of Savoy-Carignan, in 1657 (died 1673); children: Louis (who served in the army of Baden); Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663–1736).

Olympia Mancini was the wife of Eugene Maurice de Savoie-Carignan, and the mother of Prince Eugene of Savoy, a general who led the armies of Austria in victories over the French and the Turks, establishing Habsburg control over Northern Italy, Hungary, Serbia, and Transylvania, and ending the Turkish threat to Central Europe. Prince Eugene's origins and childhood were shadowed by the intrigues of Versailles, where Cardinal Jules Mazarin entertained hopes of engineering a romance between his niece Olympia and the future French king, Louis XIV. Though they had only a youthful affection for each other, Olympia and Louis were together for a time, prompting rumors that Louis was actually Eugene's father. Olympia was also embroiled, along with her sister Marie-Anne Mancini , in the "Affair of the Poisons." Accused of poisoning her husband and Marie Louise d'Orleans , queen of Spain, Olympia fled France to the Netherlands and eventually died in poverty in Brussels.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Mancini, Olympia (c. 1639–1708)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . 24 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Mancini, Olympia (c. 1639–1708)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . (April 24, 2019).

"Mancini, Olympia (c. 1639–1708)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.