Skip to main content

Lubin, Germaine (1890–1979)

Lubin, Germaine (1890–1979)

French soprano who was well known for her Wagnerian roles. Born in Paris, France, on February 1, 1890; died in Paris on October 27, 1979; studied with F. Litvinne and Lilli Lehmann as well as at the Paris Conservatory, 1909–12; married Paul Géraldy (a famous French poet).

Debuted at the Opéra-Comique (1912); made debut at Paris Opéra (1914), appearing there until 1944; made debut at Covent Garden (1937); was the first French singer to appear at Bayreuth (1938).

Born in Paris in 1890, Germaine Lubin was one of France's greatest sopranos of the 20th century, along with Emma Calvé and Régine Crespin . Lubin transcended the French repertoire to perform many operatic works, including Wagner. Her beautiful, rounded tone and immediately recognizable timbre were her trademarks. Lauritz Melchoir sang Parsifal with Lubin in Paris in 1937 and was responsible for several of her appearances in Wagner's operas in Berlin. Numerous illustrious seasons followed at Bayreuth, and Lubin soon became the favorite of many high-ranking Nazis, including Adolf Hitler. Despite her abilities in Wagnerian roles, Lubin actually performed in many other operas, never restricting herself to Germanic repertoire. Lubin's voice has been most often compared with Dame Eva Turner 's. Both had voices which needed distance for the listener to hear to best effect. Perhaps recordings of Lubin's voice fail to do her justice in this respect. Lubin was reviled in her country for continuing to perform during the German occupation in World War II. For five years after the war, she was allowed neither to perform nor to leave the country.

John Haag , Athens, Georgia

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Lubin, Germaine (1890–1979)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Lubin, Germaine (1890–1979)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lubin-germaine-1890-1979

"Lubin, Germaine (1890–1979)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lubin-germaine-1890-1979

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.