Skip to main content

Bouhired, Djamila (1937–)

Bouhired, Djamila (1937–)

Algerian patriot. Name variations: Djamilah or Jamila. Born 1937 to a middle-class Muslim family in Algiers (some sources cite 1935); m. Jacques Vergès (her French attorney); children: Nadyah (adopted), Maryam, Ilyas.

Algerian heroine of the War of National Liberation from France (1954–62), known throughout the Middle East as "the Arab Joan of Arc"; at 16, convinced that her activities would hasten the day of Algerian independence, was taught to plant bombs by an activist; while under arrest, was fired at by the leader of her organization in order to prevent her from revealing information about him (1957); as soon as she had recovered from her wounds, was interrogated and tortured by French captors for 17 days, but would not reveal any information; was tried before a military court in Algeria (mid-July 1957), which was regarded by many observers as a travesty of justice; was found guilty and sentenced to die on the guillotine, but public opinion—both in France and internationally—had begun to turn against the war; with her cause taken up by French intellectuals, was granted a reprieve from the guillotine; because of international pressure, sentence commuted to life imprisonment (1958); with Algerian independence (1962), was released and returned to Algiers.

See also The Battle of Algiers (1966); and Women in World History.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bouhired, Djamila (1937–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . 26 Aug. 2019 <>.

"Bouhired, Djamila (1937–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . (August 26, 2019).

"Bouhired, Djamila (1937–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved August 26, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.