Blum, Arlene (1945–)
Blum, Arlene (1945–)
American mountaineer, author, and chemist. Born 1945; raised in Chicago, Illinois; dau. of a physician and a violinist; graduate of Reed College and University of California, Berkeley; children: 1 daughter.
Organized and led the 1st all-women's expedition to the summit of Mount Denali, Alaska (1970); organized and led the 1st all-female expedition to the summit of Annapurna I in the Himalayas (1978); hiked entire length of the Great Himalaya Range; did scientific research that led to the ban of a carcinogenic chemical from use in American clothing; taught at Stanford University, Wellesley College, and University of California, Berkeley. Awarded Gold Medal from Society of Women Geographers.
See also memoir, Annapurna: A Woman's Place (Sierra Club, 1980); and Women in World History.
"Blum, Arlene (1945–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/blum-arlene-1945
"Blum, Arlene (1945–)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/blum-arlene-1945
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.