Blum, Robert (Karl Moritz)
Blum, Robert (Karl Moritz)
Blum, Robert (Karl Moritz) Swiss composer and teacher; b. Zurich, Nov. 27, 1900; d. there, Dec. 10, 1994. He was a student of Andreae, Baldegger, Jarnach, Laquai, and Vogler at the Zurich Cons. (1912–22). After attending Busoni’s master class in composition at the Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin (1923), he returned to Switzerland and conducted various amateur orchs. and choirs. From 1943 to 1976 he taught counterpoint and composition at the Zurich Cons. In his extensive output, Blum utilized various contemporary means of expression, from polytonal to 12-tone writing.
DRAMATIC: Amarapura, opera (1924); film music.ORCH.: 10 syms. (1924–80); 4 Partite (1929, 1935, 1953, 1967); Passionskonzert for Organ and Strings (1943); Lamentano angelorum for Chamber Orch. (1943); Overture on Swiss Folk Songs (1944); Viola Concerto (1951); Concerto for Orch. (1955); Oboe Concerto (1960); Christ ist erstanden (1962); Triple Concerto for Violin, Oboe, Trumpet, and Chamber Orch. (1963); Concertante Symphonie for Wind Quintet and Chamber Orch. (1964). CHAMBER: 3 string quartets; Flute Quartet (1963); Sonata for Flute and Violin (1963); Divertimento for 10 Instruments (1966); Le Tombe di Ravenna for 11 Winds (1968); Quartet for Clarinet and String Trio (1970); piano pieces; organ music. VOCAL: Oratorios; cantatas; Psalms; hymns; songs.
G. Fierz, R. B.: Leben und Werk (Zurich, 1967); G. Lehmann, Zur Musik von R. B. (Baden, 1973).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Blum, Robert (Karl Moritz)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/blum-robert-karl-moritz
"Blum, Robert (Karl Moritz)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved January 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/blum-robert-karl-moritz
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.