American composer; b. Seattle, Oct. 15, 1923. He studied composition with Hindemith at Yale Univ. (M.B., 1949; M.M., 1950), took courses in conducting with Bernstein and operatic stage direction with Goldovsky at the Berkshire Music Center at Tanglewood, and in 1948-49 attended the Univ. and Cons, in Zurich. In 1951 he joined the faculty of Washington Univ. in St. Louis, where he founded the Opera Theatre of St. Louis, directing it through 1971. In 1971-72 he was a visiting prof. at Queens Coll. of the City Univ. of N.Y., and then was again on the faculty of Washington Univ. until 1989. He received an award from the American Academy and Inst. of Arts and Letters in 1977 and an opera fellowship from the NE A in 1979. Blumenfeld has concentrated his compositional efforts on vocal and dramatic music for various media.
DRAMATIC: Opera: Amphitryon Five (1962; rev. 2001); Fourscore: An Opera of Opposites, after Nestroy (1980–86); Breakfast Waltzes, after Molnar (1991; Des Moines, July 12, 1997); Seasons in Hell: A Life of Rimbaud (1992-94; Cincinnati, Feb. 8, 1996); Borgia Infami, after Klabund and Hugo (1998–99). ORCH.: Miniature Overture (1958); Illuminations: Symphonic Fragments after Rimbaud (1992; Cincinnati, April 15, 1993); Voci Luminose for 2 Violins and Orch. (Umeâ, Sweden, Nov. 8, 1996).VOCAL: 3 Scottish Poems for Chorus (n.d.); 4 Tranquil Poems for Men’s Chorus, after D.H. Lawrence (n.d.); War Lament for Chorus and Guitar, after Sassoon (1970); Eros-capes for Medium Voice and 9 Instruments (1971); Song of Innocence for Mixed Chorus, Chamber Chorus, Soloists, and Orch., after Blake (1973); Starfires for Soprano, Tenor, and Orch. (1975); Rilke for Voice and Guitar (1975); Voyages for Baritone, Viola, Guitar, and 2 Percussion, after Hart Crane (1977); Silen-tium: 9 Songs for Medium Voice and Piano, after Osip Mandel-stam (1979); Circle of the Eye, 11 songs for Medium Voice and Piano, after Tom McKeown (1979); La Voix reconnue for Soprano, Tenor, and Chamber Ensemble, after Verlaine (1980); La Face cendrée for Mezzo-soprano, Cello, and Piano, after Rimbaud (1981); Charioteer of Delphi for Baritone, Viola, and Guitar, after Merrill (1985); Carnet de damné for Mezzo-soprano and 8 Players, after Rimbaud (1987); Ange de flamme et de glace for Medium Voice, 7 Players, and Tape, after Rimbaud (1990); Mythologies for Baritone, Woman Speaker, Flute, Clarinet, 3 Cellos, and 2 Percussion, after Derek Walcott (1990); Songs of Cassis for Baritone and Piano (1995); A l’Ouest de la lune for Soprano, Tenor, Flute, Clarinet, Viola, and Cello, after Verlaine (1995); Vers Sataniques for Baritone, Soprano, and Orch., after Baudelaire (1997).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Blumenfeld, Harold." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/blumenfeld-harold
"Blumenfeld, Harold." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved January 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/blumenfeld-harold
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.