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anthropometry

anthropometry Body measurements used as an index of physiological development and nutritional status; a non‐invasive way of assessing body composition. Weight for age provides information about the overall nutritional status of children; weight for height is used to detect acute malnutrition (wasting); height for age to detect chronic malnutrition (stunting). Mid‐upper arm circumference provides an index of muscle wastage in undernutrition. Skinfold thickness is related to the amount of subcutaneous fat as an index of over‐ or under‐nutrition. See also body mass index; cristal height; stunting; Wetzel grid.

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anthropometry

anthropometry (ănthrəpŏm´ətrē), technique of measuring the human body in terms of dimensions, proportions, and ratios such as those provided by the cephalic index. Once the standard approach to racial classification and comparing humans to other primates, the technique is now used for deciding the range of clothing sizes to be manufactured and determining the nutritional status of people.

See A. Montagu, A Handbook of Anthropometry (1960); R. McCammon, Human Growth and Development (1970).

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anthropometry

an·thro·pom·e·try / ˌan[unvoicedth]rəˈpämitrē/ • n. the scientific study of the measurements and proportions of the human body. DERIVATIVES: an·thro·po·met·ric / -pōˈmetrik/ adj.

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