German physician, botanist, pharmacologist, and chemist who won the admiration of his contemporary scientists even before his early death from malaria. Cordus synthesized ether; developed ways to categorize plants; invented phytography, the systematic science of describing plants; updated and augmented the authoritative first-century catalog of medicinal plants prepared by the Greek physician Dioscorides Pedanius Anazarbeus; and wrote the first pharmacopoeia, the Nuremberg Dispensatorium (1546). (A pharmacopoeia is a reference source detailing the dosages and administration of medicinal preparations and drugs.) Swiss naturalist Konrad von Gesner (1516-1565) edited and published several of Cordus's posthumous works, including the revision of Dioscorides (1561).
"Valerius Cordus." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/valerius-cordus
"Valerius Cordus." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Retrieved January 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/valerius-cordus