Skip to main content

Shirley, Ralph (1865-1946)

Shirley, Ralph (1865-1946)

Leading British pioneer in the publication of occult and mystical literature. Ralph Shirley was born at Oxford, England, December 30, 1865, of aristocratic stock, brother of the eleventh Earl Ferrers and a direct descendant of Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex. He was educated at Winchester and New College, Oxford University.

For more than three decades (1892-1925) he was director of William Rider & Son, the foremost British publishers of literature dealing with occultism, mysticism, New Thought, astrology, psychical research, and related subjects. Rider's authors included Éliphas Lévi, Arthur Edward Waite, Hereward Carrington, and Franz Hartmann in addition to many others who became legendary in the field.

In 1905, Shirley founded the Occult Review, which he edited for 21 years. It included contributions from the leading occultists of the time and set a high standard of both popular and scholarly occultism. Shirley also became vice president of the International Institute for Psychic Investigation, for whom he edited Ernesto Bozzano 's important study Discarnate Influence in Human Life (1938).

It was in the pages of the Occult Review that Shirley published the important firsthand experiences of Oliver Fox (pseudonym of Hugh G. Callaway ) on astral projection and out-of-the-body travel from April to May 1920. Shirley also published other pioneer writings on the subject, including his own book The Mystery of the Human Double: The Case for Astral Projection (1938; reprinted University Books, 1965).

Shirley had a special interest in astrology and had edited The Horoscope (under the pseudonym Rollo Ireton). From 1943 to 1944 he was chairman of the Spiritualist journal Light, but suffered from failing health and was obliged to retire. He also published a pamphlet The Angel Warriors at Mons (1915) reviewing the legends that accumulated around Arthur Machen 's famous short story The Bowmen. He died December 29, 1946.


Shirley, Ralph. The Mystery of the Human Double: The Case for Astral Projection. 1938. Reprint, New Hyde Park, N.Y.: University Books, 1965.

. The New God, and Other Essays. N.p., 1911.

. Occultists and Mystics of All Ages. London: W. Rider & Son, 1920.

. The Problem of Rebirth. N.p., 1936.

. A Short Life of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Funk & Wagnalls; London: W. Rider & Son, 1919.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Shirley, Ralph (1865-1946)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . 20 Sep. 2019 <>.

"Shirley, Ralph (1865-1946)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . (September 20, 2019).

"Shirley, Ralph (1865-1946)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Retrieved September 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.