Luis Vaez de Torres
Luis Vaez de Torres
Spanish navigator who became the first to sail through the strait later named after him, which separates New Guinea from Australia. A ship's captain in the fruitless 1605-1606 South Seas expedition led by Pedro Fernandez de Quirós (1565-1614), Torres and his men were abandoned in what is now Vanuatu by their leader, who inexplicably sailed back to Mexico without them. At that time point Torres opened sealed orders from the Viceroy of Peru, directing him to head for the Philippines. In so doing, he sailed along the southern coast of New Guinea, a route made dangerous by the many reefs and shifting currents along the 90-mile-wide (145 km) passage. During this time, Torres may have glimpsed Australia, making him only the second European to do so, after Willem Jansz (b. 1570) a few months earlier. Due to Spanish security concerns, the strait was kept a secret for more than a century, but in 1762 a British hydrographer named it after Torres.
"Luis Vaez de Torres." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/luis-vaez-de-torres
"Luis Vaez de Torres." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Retrieved January 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/luis-vaez-de-torres
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.