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Luján, city of 66,448 inhabitants (2001) located 35 miles west of Greater Buenos Aires. Its origin dates to a shrine to the Virgin Mary, erected in 1630, which has become the major Argentine center of religious pilgrimage. In the central nave, the gothic-style basilica commemorates the adherence to Catholicism of the Argentine provinces and in the two lateral aisles, the loyalty of Uruguayans and Paraguayans. The city is also known for its cabildo (local council house), built in 1750, and the colonial museum of Buenos Aires. Greater Buenos Aires's western gateway to the Pampa, Luján is an important hub of the General San Martín railway and the starting point of the highway leading to the region of Cuyo and Chile.

See alsoArgentina, Geography .


José R. Torre, La casa cabildo de la villa de Luján (Buenos Aires, 1942).

Felisa C. Echeverría, Romancero de la villa de Luján (Luján, 1975).

Additional Bibliography

Bertrand, Jean-René, and Cristina T Carballo. Estudio sobre los territorios urbanos. Luján: Universidad Nacional de Luján, Departamento de Ciencias Sociales, División Geografía, 2004.

Guglielmino, Osvaldo. La Virgen de Luján y nuestra nacionalidad. Buenos Aires: Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Históricas Juan Manuel de Rosas, 1997.

Presas, Juan Antonio. Anales de Nuestra Señora de Luján: Trabajo histórico-documental, 1630–2002. 4th ed. Buenos Aires: Editorial Dunken, 2002.

                                      CÉsar N. Caviedes

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