Skip to main content


Sparidae (sea bream, porgy; subclass Actinopterygii, order Perciformes) A large family of marine, perch-like, silvery fish, that have a deep, compressed and fully scaled body, continuous, single, dorsal fin, and forked tail fin. All individuals develop testes but as they grow larger and older the fish turn into females (see HERMAPHRODITIC FISH). There are about 100 species, distributed world-wide in warm to temperate waters.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Sparidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . 16 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Sparidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . (February 16, 2019).

"Sparidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved February 16, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.