Skip to main content


Falconidae (falcons, caracaras; class Aves, order Falconiformes) A family of mainly grey or brown, long-winged birds that have long, usually barred tails. Falcons are fast fliers, catching animal prey with their feet; caracaras are long-legged, slow fliers that feed mainly on carrion. Falconids inhabit mainly forest and open country, nesting on the ground, on ledges, or in trees, but only caracaras build nests of their own. The largest genus is Falco, comprising typical falcons, many of them migratory, and there are five species of Micrastur (forest falcons) that inhabit dense forest in Central and S. America. There are 10 genera in the family, with about 62 species, found world-wide.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Falconidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . 18 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Falconidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . (February 18, 2019).

"Falconidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved February 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.