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Citharidae (subclass Actinopterygii, order Pleuronectiformes) A small family of marine flatfish, with short pelvic-fin bases, these fins carrying one spine and five soft rays. In Citharus and Citharoides the eyes are on the left side of the body; in Brachypleura and Lepidoblepharon the eyes are on the right side. Citharidae occur in the Mediterranean and Indo-Pacific regions.