chitinase An enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of chitin, a major constituent of fungal cell walls and of the exoskeleton of insects and other arthropods. It is synthesized by certain insect-eating animals, such as frogs, and also by certain plants as part of their defence against fungal infection (see hypersensitivity). Transfer of the chitinase gene between different plant species has been successfully undertaken in an attempt to enhance the resistance of susceptible species to pathogenic fungi.
More From encyclopedia.com
Genetic Engineering , Humans have been modifying the genetic constitution (genomes) of crop plants for thousands of years, since the very beginning of agriculture. In the… Invasive Species , Plants that grow aggressively and outcompete other species are called invasive species. Invasive plants are usually those that were introduced, eithe… Liverwort , The liverworts are one of three classes in the plant phylum Bryophyta. The other two classes are mosses and hornworts. Liverworts are small, green, t… Seeds , Seeds Seeds are the products of the sexual reproduction of plants, and for this reason the genetic information of seeds is influenced by both of the… Genetically Modified Plants , Transgenic plants are plants that have been genetically modified by inserting genes directly into a single plant cell. Transgenic crop plants modifie… Carnivorous Plants , Carnivorous plants are botanical oddities that supplement their requirement for nutrients by trapping, killing, and digesting small animals, mostly i…
About this article
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article
You Might Also Like