# square

square / skwe(ə)r/ •
n. 1. a plane figure with four equal straight sides and four right angles. ∎ a thing having such a shape or approximately such a shape: *she tore a bit of cloth into a four-inch square.* ∎ a thing having the shape or approximate shape of a cube: *a small square of chocolate.* ∎ an open (typically four-sided) area surrounded by buildings in a town, village, or city: *a market square* | [in place names] *Herald Square.* ∎ an open area at the meeting of streets. ∎ a small square area on the board used in a game. ∎ a block of buildings bounded by four streets. ∎ hist. a body of infantry drawn up in rectangular form. ∎ a unit of 100 square ft. used as a measure of flooring, roofing, etc.2. the product of a number multiplied by itself: *a circle's area is proportional to the square of its radius.*3. an L-shaped or T-shaped instrument used for obtaining or testing right angles: *a carpenter's square.* ∎ Astrol. an aspect of 90° (one quarter of a circle): *Venus in square to Jupiter.*4. inf. a person considered to be old-fashioned or boringly conventional in attitude or behavior.5. inf. a square meal:

*three squares a day.*• adj. 1. having the shape or approximate shape of a square:

*a square table.*∎ having the shape or approximate shape of a cube:

*a square box.*∎ having or in the form of two right angles:

*a suitable length of wood with square ends.*∎ having an outline resembling two corners of a square:

*his square jaw.*∎ broad and solid in shape:

*he was short and square.*2. denoting a unit of measurement equal to the area of a square whose side is of the unit specified:

*30,000 square feet of new gallery space.*∎ denoting the length of each side of a square shape or object:

*the office was fifteen feet square.*3. at right angles; perpendicular:

*these lines must be*∎ Astrol. having or denoting an aspect of 90°:

**square to**the top and bottom marked edges.*Jupiter is square to the Sun.*4. level or parallel:

*place one piece of wood on top of the other, ensuring that they are exactly square.*∎ properly arranged; in good order:

*we should get everything square before we leave.*∎ compatible or in agreement:

*he wanted to make sure we were*∎ fair and honest:

**square with**the court's decision and not subject to a lawsuit.*she'd been as square with him as anybody could be.*5. (of two people) owing nothing to each other:

*an acknowledgment that we are square.*∎ with both players or sides having equal scores in a game:

*the goal brought the match*6. inf. old-fashioned or boringly conventional:

**all square**once again.*Elvis was anything but square.*7. (of rhythm) simple and straightforward.• adv. directly; straight:

*it hit me square in the forehead*∎ inf. fairly; honestly:

*I'd acted square and on the level with him.*• v. [tr.] 1. make square or rectangular; give a square or rectangular cross section to:

*you can*∎ [usu. as adj.] (squared) mark out in squares.2. multiply (a number) by itself:

**square off**the other edge.*5 squared equals 25.*∎ [usu. as adj.] (squared) convert (a linear unit of measurement) to a unit of area equal to a square whose side is of the unit specified:

*there were only three people per kilometer squared.*3. make compatible; reconcile:

*I'm able to*∎ [intr.] be compatible:

**square**my profession**with**my religious beliefs.*do those announcements really*4. balance (an account):

**square with**the facts?*they're anxious to square their books before the audit.*∎ make the score of (a match or game) even: [tr.]

*his goal squared the match 1-1.*∎ inf. secure the help, acquiescence, or silence of (someone), esp. by offering an inducement:

*trying to square the press.*5. bring (one's shoulders) into a position in which they appear square and broad, typically to prepare oneself for a difficult task or event:

*chin up, shoulders squared, she stepped into the room.*∎ (square oneself) adopt a posture of defense.6. Sailing set (a yard or other part of a ship) approximately at right angles to the keel or other point of reference.7. Astrol. (of a planet) have a square aspect with (another planet or position):

*Saturn squares the Sun on the 17th.*PHRASES: back to (or at) square one inf. back to where one started, with no progress having been made.on the square1. inf. honest; straightforward.2. inf. honestly; fairly.3. at right angles.out of square not at right angles.square accounts withsee account.square the circle construct a square equal in area to a given circle (a problem incapable of a purely geometric solution). ∎ do something that is considered to be impossible.a square peg in a round holesee peg.PHRASAL VERBS: square something away arrange or deal with something in a satisfactory way:

*don't you worry, we'll get things squared away.*square off assume the attitude of a person about to fight:

*the two men squared off*| fig.

*a debate gives the candidates an opportunity to square off.*square up settle or pay an account:

*would you square up the bill?*∎ settle a dispute or misunderstanding:

*I want to square up whatever's wrong between us.*DERIVATIVES: square·ness n.squar·er n.squar·ish adj.

# square

**square** a plane figure with four equal straight sides and four right angles; in astrology, an aspect of 90° (one quarter of a circle).

From the late 16th century, square was the term for a body of infantry drawn up in rectangular formation, as on a battlefield or parade ground.

From the late 17th century, square has been used (often as part of a place-name) for an open space or area in a town or city, especially one of approximately quadrilateral and rectangular shape enclosed by houses.

back to square one back to the starting-point, with no progress made (*square one* may be a reference to a board-game such as Snakes and Ladders, or derive from the notional division of a football pitch into eight numbered sections for the purpose of early radio commentaries).

Square Mile an informal name for the City of London.

a square peg in a round hole a person in a situation unsuited to their abilities or character.

square the circle construct a square equal in area to a given circle (a problem incapable of a purely geometrical solution); thus, do something that is considered to be impossible.

# square

**square.** **1.** Angle of 90°.**2.** Figure of four equal sides and angles of 90°.

**3.** Square or rectangular open space in a town, formed at the junction of two or more streets, and surrounded by buildings, as in the Georgian squares of Britain, often with gardens in the middle.

**4.** Fillet in a series of mouldings.

# square

**square** **A.** implement for determining a right angle XIII;

**B.** rectangular figure with four equal sides XIV; rectangular area XVII. Earliest form *squire* (XIII–XVII) chiefly in sense A, later *square* (XV), aphetic — OF. *esquere*, *esquare*, (mod. *équerre*) :- Rom. **exquadra*, f. **exquadrāre*, f. L. EX-1 + *quadra* square (see QUADRANT).

So square adj. XIV. — OF. *esquarré*, pp. of *esquarrer* (whence square vb. XIV).

# Square

# Square

A square is a rectangle with all sides equal. A square with side a has perimeter 4a and area a^{2}.

The square is used as the unit of area; that is, a figure’s area is expressed as the number of equal squares of some standard, such as square inches or square meters, that the figure can contain. In Greek geometry, the area of a figure was determined by converting the figure to a square of the same area. This is easily accomplished for triangles, rectangles, and other polygons, but is often impossible for other figures, such as circles.

# Square

# Square

A square is a **rectangle** with all sides equal. A square with side *a* has perimeter 4*a* and area *a*2.

The square is used as the unit of area; that is, a figure's area is expressed as the number of equal squares of some standard, such as square inches or square meters, that the figure can contain. In Greek **geometry** , the area of a figure was determined by converting the figure to a square of the same area. This is easily accomplished for triangles, rectangles, and other **polygons** , but is often impossible for other figures, such as circles.

# square

**square** In geometry, rectangle with four sides of the same length. In arithmetic or algebra, a square is the result of multiplying a quantity by itself: the square of 3 is 9, and the square of *x* is *x*^{2}.

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