VogÜé, Charles Eugene Melchior, Comte de°

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VOGÜÉ, CHARLES EUGENE MELCHIOR, COMTE DE ° (1829–1916), French architect and archaeologist. De Vogüé was born in Paris into one of the oldest families of the French aristocracy. In 1853/54 he went on research trips in Ereẓ Israel and Syria, discovering many ruined cities in Hauran and Northern Syria with well-preserved remains. His books Mélanges d'architecture orientale (1866) and L'architecture civile et religieuse du Ier au Vieme siècle dans la Syrie centrale (2 vols., 1866–77) opened a new chapter in the architectural history of the Roman-Byzantine period in Ereẓ Israel and Syria. De Vogüé also published sketches of the Temple enclosure, Le Temple de Jérusalem (1865–67), including a restoration of the Second Temple which is still of value today. The inscriptions found on his travels are translated and clarified in Inscriptions sémitiques (1869–77). After the establishment of the Third Republic he became the French ambassador in Constantinople (1871) and Vienna (1875–79).


Florilegium: ou, Recueil de travaux d'érudition, dédiés à … de Vogüé… (1909).

[Michael Avi-Yonah]