Skip to main content

Perboyre, Jean-Gabriel, St.

PERBOYRE, JEAN-GABRIEL, ST.

Martyr, priest of the Congregation of the Mission of Saint Vincent de Paul; b. Le Puech (Lot), Mongesty (diocese of Cahors), France, Jan. 6, 1802; d. Wuchangfu (near Hu-pei), china, Sept. 11, 1840.

The eldest of eight children (five of whom became Vincentians) of the farmers, Pierre and Marie Rigal Perboyre, Jean-Gabriel attended minor seminary with his brother Louis at Montauban, founded by their uncle Jacques Perboyre, a Vincentian who had survived the French Revolution. In 1818 Jean-Gabriel became the first French Vincentian seminarian since the revolution. He studied theology in Paris, then accepted an appointment as professor at Montdidier College (1823), and was ordained in 1826.

After working as a teacher, spiritual director, and in other capacities in various Vincentian seminaries and training centers in France, he went to east central China (1835) to replace his brother, Fr. Louis, who had died en route. In the missions of Hunan and Hu-pei Provinces, he acquired a familiarity with the Chinese language and dedicated himself especially to instructing abandoned children. When persecution broke out, he was arrested (Sept. 16, 1839) at Cha-yüan-kou for entering China illegally to spread Christianity. Imprisoned at Wuchangfu, he was interrogated many times by mandarins and by the viceroy and tortured in a vain effort to make him reveal the hiding places of other priests. After eight months' imprisonment he was strangled to death Chinese-style (on a cross) on Ou-tch'ang (Red Mountain), and was buried in the nearby cemetery in Wuchangfu close to the remains of his confrere and fellow martyr, Bl. François Clet.

He was beatified Nov. 10, 1889, the first of the Chinese martyrs to receive the honors of the altar. On June 2, 1996, Pope John Paul II canonized Perboyre, the first saint of China, Patron of the vincentian missionaries.

Feast: Sept. 11 (since 1969).

Bibliography: Life of the Bl. Servant of God, the Heroic Martyr, John Gabriel Perboyre , tr. c. feilding (New Orleans 1894). L'Osservatore Romano, English edition, no. 23 (1996): 12, 5, 12. j. l. baudot and l.chaussin, Vies des saints avec l'historique des fêtes, 9: 252255. a. chatelet, Jean Gabriel Perboyre, Martyr (Paris 1943). l. chierotti, Il beato Gian Gabriele Perboyre: Lo strangolarono ad una croce (Genoa 1995). a. sylvestre, Jean-Gabriel Perboyre: prêtre de la mission, martyr en Chine (Moissac 1994).

[j. krahl]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Perboyre, Jean-Gabriel, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Perboyre, Jean-Gabriel, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/perboyre-jean-gabriel-st

"Perboyre, Jean-Gabriel, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/perboyre-jean-gabriel-st

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.