Skip to main content

Oertel, John James Maximilian


Editor; b. Ansbach, Bavaria, Germany, April 27, 1811; d. Jamaica, N.Y., Aug. 21, 1882. He was educated at the University of Erlangen, Germany, before his ordination as a Lutheran minister. Immigrating to New York City in 1837, he led 95 Prussian immigrants to join the Saxon congregations (now Lutheran ChurchMissouri Synod) in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1839. Denominational quarrels led to his conversion to Catholicism the following year. He served as an instructor in German at St. John's College, Fordham, New York, before going to Cincinnati, Ohio, as editor of the Wahrheitsfreund. The Germanlanguage newspaper Kirchenzeitung, which he founded in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1846, was moved to New York City in 1851 and became the most influential German paper in the U.S. In 1875 Oertel was made a Knight of St. Gregory by Pius IX.

[j. l. morrison]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Oertel, John James Maximilian." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 17 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Oertel, John James Maximilian." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (January 17, 2019).

"Oertel, John James Maximilian." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved January 17, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.