Skip to main content

Mikhalevich, Beinish

MIKHALEVICH, BEINISH

MIKHALEVICH, BEINISH (pseudonym of Joseph Izbitski ; 1876–1928), leader of the *Bund in Russia and Poland. Mikhalevich was born at Brest-Litovsk into a working-class family and at the age of 18 he joined a socialist circle. On the establishment of the Bund, he was active in Bialystok and Warsaw, set up its local organs there, and also wrote in its central newspaper Arbeter Shtime. After a period of arrest by the czarist police, he took part in the establishment of the Garber Bund and edited its organ Der Kemfer. In the following years – between repeated arrests, exile, and flight – he was an organizer, speaker, publicist, and propagandist of the Bund. In the internal struggles he belonged to the "soft" group that supported the Bund's return to the Russian Social Democratic party (1906), and during the period of reaction, after the shortlived constitutional aftermath of the revolution, he belonged to the "anti-liquidators," who demanded to continue illegal activities. Mikhalevich was the first to discuss the problem of the relationship between the Bund and the Jewish kehillah (the organized Jewish community) (1907). In 1912 he became a member of the central committee of the Bund and edited its weekly Tsayt in St. Petersburg. During World War i he was active in welfare and educational institutions in Vilna until his imprisonment by the German occupation forces for a leaflet he wrote against forced labor.

The leftward turn of the Bund in independent Poland decreased Mikhalevich's political standing and he devoted himself mainly to writing and to social and cultural work. He wrote in the Bund organ Folkstsaytung, and gave a historical-biographical description of the Jewish workers' movement in three volumes: Zikhroynes fun a Yidishn Sotsialist (1921–23). He took part in the founding of the Central Yiddish School Organization (cysho) and until his death served as its chairman, visiting the U.S. in 1923–24 as its emissary and promoting the establishment of the Society for Helping Children's Institutions Overseas. He was also a member of the Jewish community council in Warsaw (1925–28). One of the outstanding polemicists against Zionism, Mikhalevich was popular even among his opponents because of his honesty and attachment to Jewish values.

bibliography:

lnyl, 5 (1963), 608–12; I. Cohen, War's Tribulations and Aftermath (1943), 361; idem, in: Beinush Mikhalevich Gedenk Bukh (1951), incl. bibl.; A. Litvak, Mah she-Hayah (1945), 237–45; A.S. Stein, Haver Artur (1953), index; J.S. Hertz et al. (eds.), Geshikhte fun Bund, 3 vols. (1960–66), indexes.

[Moshe Mishkinsky]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Mikhalevich, Beinish." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Mikhalevich, Beinish." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 20, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mikhalevich-beinish

"Mikhalevich, Beinish." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved November 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mikhalevich-beinish

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.