Skip to main content

Miki Tokuharu

Miki Tokuharu (1871–1938). Founder of the Japanese religion Hito-no-michi, and indirectly of PL Kyōdan. He was a Zen Buddhist priest who joined a movement called Tokumitsukyō. This had been founded by Kanada Tokumitsukyō (1863–1924), who had identified the sun as the source of all appearance. He introduced a form of faith-healing called ofurikae, through which he would take on himself, like a bodhisattva, the afflictions of all who came for help. When Kanada died in 1924, it looked as though the movement would disappear. But Miki Tokuharu followed the instructions of Kanada and planted a memorial tree at which he worshipped for five years, experiencing the presence of Kanada. As a result, he and his son, Tokuchika, reestablished the movement with the name Hitono-michi Kyōdan (‘The Way of Man Society’), which was renamed again after the Second World War as P(erfect) L(ife) Kyōdan. The twenty-one precepts revealed by Kanada remained the basis of belief, but the central practice of life now became summarized in the words, jinsei wa gejutsu de aru, ‘living life as art’, or ‘life is art’, which means that any activity honestly undertaken can be converted into a work of art and beauty. PL Kyōdan not only sponsors art extensively, but also encourages a wide range of activities, from sports to medicine, all of which exemplify the human possibility of converting life into art.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Miki Tokuharu." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Miki Tokuharu." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 15, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/miki-tokuharu

"Miki Tokuharu." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved October 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/miki-tokuharu

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.