Joseph ben Solomon of Carcassonne
JOSEPH BEN SOLOMON OF CARCASSONNE
JOSEPH BEN SOLOMON OF CARCASSONNE (11th century), liturgical poet. One of the first representatives of the piyyut in France, Joseph is already quoted by *Rashi. His yoẓer for the first Sabbath of Ḥanukkah (Odekha Ki Anafta) appears in the German-Polish and in the Roman rites, and has repeatedly been printed and commented upon. The poem is composed in the old poetic style, in strophes of three lines, with a nine-fold alphabetical acrostic. Its content is largely based on the Scroll of Antiochus, the Book of Judith, and the Books of the Maccabees (i, ch. 1 and ii, chs. 6–7).
Zunz, Lit Poesie, 123; Landshuth, Ammudei, 96; Fuenn, Keneset, 505; Gross, Gal Jud, 614f.; Elbogen, Gottesdienst, 331; Davidson, Oẓar, 4 (1933), 408; A.M. Dubarle, Judith, forme et sens, 1 (1966), 98f.; 2 (1966), 162f. add. bibliography: Schirmann-Fleischer, The History of Hebrew Poetry in Christian Spain and Southern France (1997), 426 (Heb.).
[Jefim (Hayyim) Schirmann]