Joseph ben Solomon of Carcassonne

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JOSEPH BEN SOLOMON OF CARCASSONNE (11th century), liturgical poet. One of the first representatives of the piyyut in France, Joseph is already quoted by *Rashi. His yoẓer for the first Sabbath of Ḥanukkah (Odekha Ki Anafta) appears in the German-Polish and in the Roman rites, and has repeatedly been printed and commented upon. The poem is composed in the old poetic style, in strophes of three lines, with a nine-fold alphabetical acrostic. Its content is largely based on the Scroll of Antiochus, the Book of Judith, and the Books of the Maccabees (i, ch. 1 and ii, chs. 6–7).


Zunz, Lit Poesie, 123; Landshuth, Ammudei, 96; Fuenn, Keneset, 505; Gross, Gal Jud, 614f.; Elbogen, Gottesdienst, 331; Davidson, Oẓar, 4 (1933), 408; A.M. Dubarle, Judith, forme et sens, 1 (1966), 98f.; 2 (1966), 162f. add. bibliography: Schirmann-Fleischer, The History of Hebrew Poetry in Christian Spain and Southern France (1997), 426 (Heb.).

[Jefim (Hayyim) Schirmann]

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Joseph ben Solomon of Carcassonne

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