Skip to main content

Joseph ben Moses Phinehas


JOSEPH BEN MOSES PHINEHAS (1726–1801), Polish talmudic scholar and author. Joseph was a son-in-law of Ezekiel *Landau, who described him as the "unrivaled" scholar of his generation. He was renowned for his piety and is usually referred to as "Joseph the Righteous." His insistence on imposing punishment on members of his community in accordance with Jewish law brought him into conflict with the authorities, who had withdrawn this privilege from the Jewish communities.

Joseph carried on an extensive correspondence with scholars, including his father-in-law; his scholarly exchange of letters with Akiva *Eger is particularly noteworthy. A large part of his writings was destroyed by fire in Dubno, where his widow had taken up residence; the remainder was collected and published by his grandson, Samuel Schoenblum, under the title Zikhron She'erit Yosef (1881). Some of his decisions and novellae are quoted in the Noda bi-Yhudah (e.g., to eh 63, ḤM 25–28) and Ẓiyyun le-Nefesh Ḥayyah (1783, 1855) of his father-in-law; a number of his novellae appear in the Beit Shemu'el Aḥaron (1816) of his brother.


J.A. Kamelhar, Mofet ha-Dor (19342), 89–92, 113–5 (New York, 1966), 24, 30; J. Perles, Geschichte der Juden in Posen (1865), 74–75, 126; I.T. Eisenstadt and S. Wiener, Da'at Kedoshim (1897–98), 69; A. Heppner and J. Herzberg, Aus Vergangenheit und Gegenwart der Juden… in den Posener Landen (1904–14) 782–3.

[Elias Katz]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Joseph ben Moses Phinehas." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 19 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Joseph ben Moses Phinehas." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (February 19, 2019).

"Joseph ben Moses Phinehas." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved February 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.