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John of Lichtenberg


German Dominican Thomist; flourished 1307 to 1313. Sometimes known as Picardi, a family name or sobriquet, and Teutonicus, he lectured at the Dominican priory in Cologne before 1307. As bachelor in theology at Paris (130708), he wrote a commentary on the Sentences (Vienna, Biblical Naturalist Manuscript Latin 1114). His studies were interrupted when he was elected provincial of the German province (130810), but he returned to Paris in 1310 to become master in theology. He was in the retinue of henry vii, Holy Roman Emperor, during his journey to Italy in 131112. Named bishop of Regensburg by clement v in 1313, he did not take possession of the see since the cathedral chapter had already elected another. At an unknown date he discussed and determined 36 Quaestiones at the priory in Cologne (Vat. lat. 859). He was one of the earliest and more important members of the early Thomistic school in Germany.

Bibliography: j. p. mÜller, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Frieburg 195765) 5:105657. j. quÉtif and j. Échard, Scriptores Ordinis Praedicatorum, 5 v. (Paris 171923) 1.2:523526. a. landgraf, "Johannes Picardi de Lichtenberg und seine Quaestiones Disputatae, " Zeitschrift für katholische Theologie (1922) 510555. m. grabmann, "Forschungen zur Geschichte der ältesten deutschen Thomistenschule des Dominakanerordens" in his Mittelalterliches Geistesleben, 3 v. (Munich 192656) 1:410420. a. fries, "Codex Vaticanus Latinus 1114 und der Sentenzenkommentar des Johannes von Lichtenberg," Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum, 7,(1937) 305319.

[j. f. hinnebusch]

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