Jacob, Jack Frederick Raphael

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JACOB, JACK FREDERICK RAPHAEL (1923– ), Indian army officer. Born in Calcutta to a family of Baghdad origin, Jacob was commissioned in the Indian army in 1942 while India was part of the British Empire and served in the Middle East during World War ii. He rose rapidly after India gained its independence in 1948, commanding a field regiment in 1956–57 and an artillery brigade in 1964–65. After serving as commander of the School of Artillery from 1965 to 1966 he was given command of an infantry division (1967–69). At the outbreak of the war against Pakistan in 1971, which resulted in the creation of Bangladesh, he was chief of staff, Eastern Command, with the rank of major-general. For the prominent part which he played in the campaign he was awarded the Param Vishisht Seva medal.