Jacob, Maxime, French composer; b. Bordeaux, Jan. 13, 1906; d. in the Benedictine Abbey in En-Calcat, Tarn, Feb. 26, 1977. He studied with Gédalge, Koechlin, Milhaud, and Nat in Paris. Pursuing a whimsical mode, he became associated with the École d’Arcueil, named after a modest Paris suburb where Satie presided over his group of disciples. He then made a 180 turn toward established religion, and in 1929 took holy orders. He adopted the name Clément as a Benedictine novice, and served mainly as an organist; also served as a soldier (1939–40) and army chaplain (1944–45) during World War II. He wrote a Piano Concerto (1961), eight string quartets (1961–69), three violin sonatas, two cello sonatas, fifteen piano sonatas, a curious Messe syncopée (1968), and over 500 songs. He wrote the books L’Art et la grâce (Paris, 1939) and Souvenirs a deux voix (Toulouse, 1969).
R. Chalupt, M. J. (Paris, 1927).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire