French healer who challenged gender hierarchy in medicine and the Statute of 1271. The faculty of the University of Paris brought charges against Felicie in 1322 for practicing medicine without a license. Despite her success with patients, they refused to grant her a license because she was a woman. The fact that she took pulses and studied urine was held against her because "medicine was a science transmitted from texts, not a craft to be learned empirically."
"Jacoba Felicie." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jacoba-felicie
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