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Horowitz, Jacob Jokel ben Meir Ha-Levi

HOROWITZ, JACOB JOKEL BEN MEIR HA-LEVI

HOROWITZ, JACOB JOKEL BEN MEIR HA-LEVI (1680–1755), Galician rabbi. Horowitz' father, Meir, served as rabbi of various Galician communities from 1696 to 1718 and died c. 1743. In 1711 Jacob Jokel was elected to succeed him as rabbi of Bolechow. In 1735 he was appointed rabbi of Brody. In 1742, however, he was forced to resign, as a result of an appeal to the civil courts against a ruling which he had given. He removed to Glogau where he was rabbi from 1745 until his death. In the dispute between *Eybeschuetz and *Emden, he was selected as one of the three renowned rabbis before whom Eybeschuetz had to appear to defend himself, but because of Horowitz' refusal to undertake this task the arbitration was abandoned. He opposed with all his power anything which had in it a suspicion of reform or a connection with Shabbateanism or the movements which stemmed from it. Horowitz' talmudic glosses and novellae are found in the works of his contemporaries such as the Laḥmei Todah (253b) of Ẓevi Hirsch b. Phinehas ha-Levi *Horowitz (Offenbach, 1816). In the responsa Divrei Rav Meshullam (Korez, 1783) of Abraham Meshullam Zalman, son of Ẓevi Hirsch *Ashkenazi, there is an elegy on his death (32d–33a).

bibliography:

S. Buber, Anshei Shem (1895), 143 no. 364; I.T. Eisenstadt and S. Wiener, Da'at Kedoshim (1897–98), 112; N.M. Gelber, in: Arim ve-Immahot be-Yisrael, 6 (1955), 54–56, 97.

[Yehoshua Horowitz]

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