Ḥayyim ben Solomon Tyrer of Czernowitz

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ḤAYYIM BEN SOLOMON TYRER OF CZERNOWITZ

ḤAYYIM BEN SOLOMON TYRER OF CZERNOWITZ (c. 1760–1816), rabbi and ḥasidic leader; born near *Buchach, Galicia. A disciple of *Jehiel Michael of Zloczów, he later served as rabbi in Mogilev, Kishinev, Czernowitz and district, and Botoșani. He had a profound knowledge of rabbinical literature and mysticism, was an eloquent preacher and a talented writer. He did much to spread Ḥasidism and opposed the spread of *Haskalah in Romania. His resistance to certain government decrees forced him to relinquish his office in Czernowitz in 1807. In 1813 he immigrated to Ereẓ Israel and settled in Safed. He wrote the following works, which were published in many editions: Siddur shel Shabbat (Mogilev, 1813); Be'er Mayim Ḥayyim (Sudilkov, 1820, with Pentateuch; Czernowitz, 1849); Sha'ar ha-Tefillah (Sudilkov, 1825); and Ereẓ ha-Ḥayyim (Czernowitz, 1861).

bibliography:

Frumkin-Rivlin, 3 (1929), 78; S.J. Schulsohn, in: Jeschurun, 15 (1928), 419–26.

[Avraham Rubinstein]

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