Ḥayyim ben Samuel ben David of Tudela

views updated


ḤAYYIM BEN SAMUEL BEN DAVID OF TUDELA (14th century), talmudic scholar of Tudela, Spain. Ḥayyim was a pupil of Solomon b. Abraham *Adret, and the latter's responsa contain a number addressed to Ḥayyim. For some time Ḥayyim was in France, where he studied under *Perez b. Elijah. His main work is the Ẓeror ha-Ḥayyim (published in 1966), consisting of the laws appertaining to blessings, prayer, Sabbaths, and festivals, arranged according to the order of the calendar; it is based on views of various French, Provençal, and Spanish scholars but chiefly upon his teachers, Adret and Perez, though he does not mention them by name. His other work, Ẓeror ha-Kesef, on topics in Hoshen Mishpat, is still in manuscript. These books (referred to by the rishonim as the Ẓerorot, "bundles") were in the possession of later scholars (but cf. Resp. Ribash, no. 396), who made use of and quoted them. This was particularly so in the case of the 16th-century Safed scholars, including Joseph *Caro. In this work, Ḥayyim alludes to a book of sermons he wrote, and Masud Ḥai Roke'aḥ, at the beginning of his Ma'aseh Roke'aaḥ (Venice, 1742), quotes Ḥayyim's commentary to the tractate Mo'ed Katan, which is also cited by Bezalel *Ashkenazi in Kelalei ha-Shas (in Ms.). Among Ḥayyim's relations was Joseph ha-Dayyan, referred to respectfully several times in the responsa of Isaac b. Sheshet (Ribash).


Michael, Or, no. 904; S.H. Yerushalmi, Mavole-Sefer Ẓeror ha-Ḥayyim (1966).

[Israel Moses Ta-Shma]

About this article

Ḥayyim ben Samuel ben David of Tudela

Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article