Skip to main content

Gelb, Ignace Jay

GELB, IGNACE JAY

GELB, IGNACE JAY (1907–1985), U.S. Assyriologist. Born in Tarnow, Poland, Gelb studied in Rome with the Sumerologist, Anton Deimel. In 1929 he went to the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago, with which he remained associated. After serving in the armed forces in World War ii, he returned to the Institute as professor of Assyriology in 1947 and began the reorganization and replanning of the monumental multi-volume dictionary of the Akkadian language entitled Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (= cad, 1956ff.; almost complete by 2005) a project which had been begun in 1921. He served as editor of the dictionary from 1947 to 1955. He was also the editor and chief contributor of the auxiliary project, Materials for the Assyrian Dictionary (from 1951). His contributions to the field of Assyriology are centered on the ethno-linguistic foundations of the Ancient Near East. Among his works on this subject are Hurrians and Subarians (1944); Nuzi Personal Names (with M. Puryes and A.A. MacRae, 1943); La lingua degli Amoriti (1958); "The Early History of the West Semitic Peoples" (in: Journal of Cuneiform Studies, 15 (1961), 27ff.). Of fundamental importance are his penetrating studies of the Old Akkadian dialect: Sargonic Texts from the Diyala Region (1952), Old Akkadian Writing and Grammar (1952, 19612), Glossary of Old Akkadian (1957), and A Sequential Reconstruction of the Proto-Akkadian (1969). He published a popular scientific work, A Study of Writing (1952, 19652). After Gelb's death his personal library and his papers and unfinished manuscripts became the basis of the Gelb Memorial Library of the University of California.

bibliography:

Chicago University, Oriental Institute, Assyrian Dictionary, 1 (1956), introd. add. bibliography: J. Hayes, in: Orientalia, 42 (1973), 1–8 (bibliography of Gelb's publications).

[Evasio de Marcellis and

Pinhas Artzi]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gelb, Ignace Jay." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Gelb, Ignace Jay." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gelb-ignace-jay

"Gelb, Ignace Jay." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved October 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gelb-ignace-jay

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.