Fernández Truyols, Andrés
FERNÁNDEZ TRUYOLS, ANDRÉS
Scripture scholar; b. Manacor, Majorca, Dec. 15, 1870; d. Barcelona, Nov. 3, 1961. After his ordination in 1894, Fernández entered the Society of Jesus and continued his studies in Spain and England. He taught Sacred Scripture and Hebrew in St. Beuno's College, North Wales (1905–06), and in Tortosa, Spain, until 1909, when he was summoned to the Pontifical Biblical Institute, then just established in Rome by Pius X. As vice rector (1914–18) and rector (1918–24) of the Roman institute, he laid the groundwork for founding a filial house in Jerusalem where he lived from 1929 to 1947, traveling throughout the Holy Land and conducting Biblical study tours. He pursued his writing career in Rome until 1953, then in Barcelona until his death. His works include 11 books and 120 articles, among which are commentaries on Job, Ezra, and Nehemia, a life of Christ in two editions with translations in English and Italian, and studies on Palestinian topography and geography. He founded the periodicals Biblica (1920–) and Verbum Domini (1921–), and he was the first (1927) to propound the theory of the sensus plenior in Biblical hermeneutics.
Bibliography: a. arce, Vida y escritos del P. Andrés Fernández (Jerusalem 1944). Miscelánea Biblica Andrés Fernandez, v.34 (1960) 133–134 of Estudios Ecclesiasticos; f. de p. solÁ, ibid. 311–325, contains a list of all his works to 1960.
[p. j. calderone]