Skip to main content

Feraru, Leon


FERARU, LEON (originally Otto Enselberg ; 1887–1961), Romanian poet. Born in Braila, Feraru took his penname from his father's occupation as a blacksmith (Rom. fierar). As a schoolboy he was a Jewish socialist. Upon completing high school he began to study medicine in Bucharest, but had to leave because of antisemitic persecution. In 1907 he emigrated to France, where he studied literature in Montpellier, receiving a degree in 1913, when he emigrated to the United States. Before emigrating, Feraru published poems on social themes (among them the fate of the working woman) and articles in Romanian literary periodicals, among them Viata Romaneasca (Romanian Life) and the Jewish periodicals Lumea Israelita and Egalitatea. After emigrating to the U.S. he continued to compose Romanian verse on social themes, on the landscape of his native country, and on his Jewish family. He published two volumes of poems in Romanian, both in Bucharest, Maghernita veche si alte versuri din anii tineri ("The Old Hovel and Other Poems of My Youth," 1926) and Arabescuri ("Arabesques," 1937), being considered a universalist poet. Feraru taught Romanian language and literature at Canadian and American universities: Toronto; Columbia (1917–26); Long Island (1927–47). He also published scholarly studies in English, among them The Development of Romanian Poetry (1929) and edited the periodicals Romanian Literary News and The Romanian Review.


D. Safran, Completare la judaismul roman (1981), 74–9; A.B. Joffe, Bi-Sedot Zarim (1996), 160–2, 459; A. Mirodan, Dictionar neconventional, 2 (1997), 268–72.

[Lucian-Zeev Herscovici (2nd ed.)]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Feraru, Leon." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 23 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Feraru, Leon." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (February 23, 2019).

"Feraru, Leon." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved February 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.