Skip to main content

Egidio da Viterbo°


EGIDIO DA VITERBO ° (c. 1465–1532), Italian ecclesiastical statesman and humanist. He entered the Augustinian order in 1488. The papal Curia utilized his diplomatic talents and in 1517 Leo x made him a cardinal; he was also bishop of Viterbo. For many years he maintained Elijah *Levita in his entourage in Rome, Levita instructing the cardinal in rabbinics and Jewish mysticism and himself obtaining instruction in Greek. He was also among *Reuchlin's correspondents (Illustrium … epistolae … ad … Reuchlin, Hagenau, 1519, 97–98) and entertained the false messiah David *Reuveni. Egidio's interests in Jewish (particularly kabbalistic) studies were very considerable. In addition to projecting a plan for translating David Kimḥi's dictionary he translated (or sponsored translations of) extracts of the Zohar and various esoteric tracts (Ginnat Egoz, Razi'el, etc.; also portions of Menahem Recanati's commentary), and composed a treatise on the Ten *Sefirot (all preserved in manuscript: Paris Mss. 527, 596–8, 3363, 3367, Angelica Ms. 3).


Vogelstein-Rieger, 2 (1896), passim; G. Signorelli, Il Cardinale Egidio da Viterbo … (1929); G.E. Weil, Elie Lévita … (1963), 203–11 and passim; C. Astruc and J. Monfrin, in: Bibliothèque d'humanisme et renaissance, 23 (1961), 551–4; A. Palmieri, in: Dictionnaire Theologique Catholique, 6 (1920), 1365–71; F. Secret, Le Zôhar chez les Kabbalistes chrétiens de la Renaissance (1958), index.

[Raphael Loewe]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Egidio da Viterbo°." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 16 Jul. 2019 <>.

"Egidio da Viterbo°." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (July 16, 2019).

"Egidio da Viterbo°." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved July 16, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.