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Yoshida family (Jap.). In Shinto, a family of diviners serving in the emperor's court in ancient times, later serving as hereditary priests in the Yoshida Shrine and Hirano Shrine of Kyōto. Before 1387, they were known as the Urabe family. The members of this family were recognized as scholars of classical and Shinto studies. Urabe Kanekata was a 13th-cent. scholar who compiled Shaku nihongi, an important commentary on the Nihon-shoki; and his son Kanefumi wrote the earliest extant commentary on the Kojiki. The famous writer Yoshida Kenkō (c.1283–c.1352), author of the Tsurezuregusa (Essays in Idleness), was also of this family. Their greatest Shinto scholar was Yoshida Kanetomo (1435–1511), who organized and systematized the Yoshida traditions and founded the school known as Yoshida Shintō, through which the Yoshida family played a prominent role within Shinto up until the Meiji Restoration in 1868.