The Sōtō school was brought to Japan from China by Dōgen Kigen (1200–53). Doctrinally, the Sōtō and Rinzai schools maintain quite similar interpretations of Buddhism. The major areas of difference between them occur in the matter of practice. Whereas Rinzai Zen teaches kanna zen (‘kōan introspection’), emphasizing ‘seated meditation’ (zazen) focused on a kōan in order to achieve a first enlightenment experience (kenshō), the Sōtō school refers to itself as mokushō zen, ‘silent illumination Zen’, because of its sparing use of the kōan and its identification of zazen itself with enlightenment (shikan taza, ‘zazen only’).
In Japan, the history of Sōtō is bound up with the two major monasteries, Eihei-ji and Sōjiji.
"Sōtō Shū." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/soto-shu
"Sōtō Shū." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved December 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/soto-shu
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.