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Siddha tradition

Siddha tradition (Skt.; Tib., grub.thob, ‘person of achievement’). A tradition in Indian Tantric Buddhism which had great influence on the development of Buddhism in Tibet. While siddha generally signifies a yogin (Hindu or Buddhist) who has achieved psychic powers (siddhi/iddhi), Tibetan Buddhism recognizes a canon of eighty-four principal siddhas whose achievement is enlightenment itself: their magical powers are a display of the achievement. Eminent in the tradition are Virūpa, who prevented the sun from moving for two days and a night in order to continue drinking wine, and who originated the Sakya Lam Dré system of relating sūtras and tantras; Padmasambhava, who as Sakara ended a twelve-year famine by causing rains of food, water, and jewels, and who founded the Nyingma school; Bhusuku, the Nālandā monk who levitated, cured blindness, and as Śāntideva wrote the Bodhicaryāvatāra (Entering the Path of Enlightenment), a seminal Geluk text; and Nāropa, whose Six Doctrines (Nāro Chos Drug) embody the very nature of siddhahood and still delineate the training of a Kagyü lama.

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