Ling-pao Pʾai (Chin., ‘School of the Magic Jewel’). A movement within religious Taoism (tao-chiao), based on Ling-pao Ching. Influenced by Buddhist devotion to bodhisattvas, it claimed that liberation or salvation depends on help from deities (tʾien-tsun). Of great importance is chai (fasting) in projecting deities from within, and thus externalizing them for worship. The school is thus noted for its ritual.
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Lingeman, Richard R. 1931- (Niles Chignon, William Randolph Hirsch, a joint pseudonym, Richard Roberts Lingeman)