ḥamza b. ʿAlī b. Aḥmad

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Ḥamza b. ʿAlī b. Aḥmad. A founder of the Druze movement, the details of whose life are uncertain. He lived in the 5th cent. AH (11th cent. CE). He is regarded by the Druzes as the last incarnation (qāʾim al-zamān) of ʿaql (universal intelligence), and produced one of the two fundamental works of the movement, Al-naqd al-Khafi (copy of the Secret). For his seven precepts, see DRUZES.