The Druze religion was derived from Ismāʿīlīya, and was established in the 11th cent. in Cairo, Egypt, around the cult of the Fāṭimid Khalīfa al-Ḥākim (disappeared in 1021 (AH 411)). Al-Ḥākim was first recognized as incarnate reason by al-Darazī, from whom the name Druze derives. The two most sacred books of the Druzes are Al-Naqd al-Khafi (Copy of the Secret) by Ḥamza b. ʿAlī, often regarded as founder of the faith; and Al-Juzʾal-Awwal (Essence of the First) by al-Muqtāna Bahāʾuddin (d. 1031 CE), its main propagator. The main dogmas of the Druze faith are: confession in the unity of God; belief in successive manifestations of the deity (or of the Universal Intelligence, al-ʿAql al-Kulli) in human form; acceptance of al-Ḥākim as the last and greatest of these divine incarnations; recognition of five ministers who manifest aspects of the Divine Essence, Ḥamza b. ʿAlī being the supreme saint (wali-al-zaman); belief in metempsychosis and in predestination; and observance of the seven precepts of Ḥamza who, on behalf of al-Ḥākim, absolved his followers from the obligations of Islam. Ḥamza's seven precepts are: veracity in speech; protection and mutual aid to the Druze community; renunciation of all forms of former worship and false belief; repudiation of Iblīs (the devil) and all forces of evil; confession of the divine unity in humanity, concentrated in ‘Our Lord’, Ḥākim, who is not dead but hidden; acquiesence in all al-Ḥākim's acts no matter what they be; and absolute submission and resignation to his divine will.
"Druzes." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 15, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/druzes
"Druzes." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved August 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/druzes
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