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Dīvālī or Dīwālī or Dīpāvalī. The most important Hindu festival which, unlike other festivals (such as the New Year, Makar Sankrānta, or Holī), lasts for four or five days (the variation depending on the lunar calculation). It falls in Oct.–Nov. each year. Dīvālī is a short form of Dīpāvalī—a line of lamps. Dīvālī is celebrated by all Hindus, but it is the most important festival for merchants, bankers, and businessmen, because the main religious event is the worship of Lakṣmī, the Goddess of wealth in Hindu mythology.

The festival of Dīvālī is a joyous occasion during which there should be light in every heart as there is light everywhere else.

Sikhs share the Dīvālī celebrations. Like Baisākhī and Māghī, Dīvālī was a festival ordained by Gurū Amar Dās for Sikh congregations. According to tradition Bhāī Buḍhā completed his reading of the Ādi Granth on Dīvālī and Gurū Hargobind was released from Gwālior gaol. See MANĪ SIṄGH.

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